Entry into force of new rules governing appeals: what you need to know
Further to the Decree of 6 May 2017 which was issued pursuant to the Act on “Justice in the 21st Century”, the legal rules governing appellate procedure in civil matters are amended in a substantial way. Below is an overview of the most significant changes involved, on the eve of its entry into force. In a nutshell, the scope of appeals must now be precisely determined, must list all the claims to be determined from the onset and be lodged within specified time limits using a predefined form. The rules relating to specific procedures have also been amended to fasten and enhance the efficiency of the process. If such changes are consistent in theory with the new definition of the appeal – as the procedural way to challenge first-instance court’s reasoning, yet in practice, they require from unsuccessful litigants to act with unprecedented anticipation and responsiveness by studying thoroughly the challenged decision and identify what claims to submit to the Court of Appeal.